' xmlns:b='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/b' xmlns:data='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/data' xmlns:expr='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/expr'> Pest Control Sydney - Proven Pest Control: Controlling RATS AND MICE in Homes - Pest Control Wyong

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Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Controlling RATS AND MICE in Homes - Pest Control Wyong



Brought to you by Proven Pest Control Wyong


Rodents are the most common mammals in the world, both in numbers and in species.  Australia has more than 60 species of native rodents.  These natives rarely invade homes but some do cause problems in agriculture.  

There are also three introduced rodents:
            Rattus norvegicus        the sewer or brown rat
Rattus rattus                the roof or black rat
            Mus musculus              the house mouse.

It is theintroduced rodents that cause problems in urban areas particularly in the Wyong area
These are known as commensal rodents – those that live with or near people and depend on humans for at least part of their food or shelter.  They are often attracted to houses for food and shelter as the weather cools in autumn/winter.

Pest Control WyongRodents prominent incisor teeth grow continuously.  ‘Rodent’ is derived from the Latin ‘rodere’ which means ‘to gnaw’.  Gnawing is a natural and necessary survival behaviour of the rat and mouse.  Rats and mice enjoy gnawing wires – a potential cause of fires in Wyong homes.

Rodents contaminate our environment with their urine and droppings and by spreading disease.  Rodents are known to be vectors of over fifty disease organisms including the causes of plague, leptospirosis, murine typhus and food poisoning.



COURTESY OF


Rodent species

SEWER RAT                        Rattus norvegicus                       
Originated in Central Asia.  Large, aggressive, adaptable and sly. 

ROOF RAT               Rattus rattus
A native of the forests of equatorial Southeast Asia.  It was the most common rat in urban areas in Europe during the outbreaks of plague.

HOUSE MOUSE      Mus musculus           
Believed to have originated in Central Asia.  Mice adapted to structures associated with the storage and transport of grain, with their provision of shelter, warmth and food. 


Sewer Rat
Roof Rat
House Mouse
Snout
Blunt
Pointed
Pointed
Ears
Small
Large
Large
Tail / body
Shorter 
Longer
Body-length
Droppings
18mm
Sausage-like
12mm Pointed
4mm
Pointed
Weight (g)
340 – 460
150 - 250
13 – 30
Intake /day (g)
15 – 30
10 - 20
2 – 4
Food preference
Garbage
Fruit, nuts
Grains
Offspring / year
20
20
40 – 60
Gestation (days)
22
23
18 – 21
Litter size
4 – 10
4 – 8
5 – 6
Lifespan (mths)
5 – 12
5 - 18
12 – 24
Home range (m)
8 – 30
8 – 30+
2 – 10

IT IS IMPORTANT TO CORRECTLY IDENTIFY THE SPECIES SO EFFECTIVE CONTROL PROGRAMMES CAN BE DESIGNED TO SUIT THE BEHAVIOUR PATTERNS OF THAT SPECIES.

ACCESS TO FOOD AND SHELTER, POOR HYGIENE, INCORRECT PLACEMENT OF TRAPS AND BAITS AND CHOICE OF INAPPROPRIATE ACTIVE AND FORMULATION OF BAITS WILL RESULT IN A SLOWER OR EVEN INEFFECTIVE CONTROL.



     For More Information, visit our website at: www.provenpest.net/wyong

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